The straw man argument

This is a favourite tactic of the Coalition. ‘Labour got it all wrong’ is their favourite cry. Now this is something all governments do to some extent but the Coalition has raised this to an art. It’s not just political knockabout but has been used to justify many of the huge changes David Cameron is making to our public services.

So education Michael Gove endlessly tells us that Labour’s education record was appalling. Therefore we need to speed up the freeing of schools from local authorities through setting up academies and ‘free’ schools. But on 24th July 2012 in the Independent Michael Wilshire, the head of Ofsted is quoted as saying that schools in London were 50 times worse in the 70s, 80s and 90s and are now in his words ‘hugely better’. So unless you believe there has been a miracle perfomed in the last 2 years maybe Labour did something right after all, even in London which has tended to get some of the greatest criticism.

So too it goes with health. Generally the line here is that despite substantially increased spending ‘things didn’t get better’. Productivty we were told was poor. Running with this line of argument brings the ability to imply that reducing spending doesn’t have an impact. It also is used to justify the wholesale reorganisation of the NHS in England

But if the basic premise is wrong then all this upheaval is unnecessary. The annual British Social Attitudes Survey tells a different story. Satisfaction with the NHS was sitting at 34 per cent in 1997 and rose to 70 % in 2010.

And the decline in productivity argument has also been challenged. In February 2012 the Guardian reported a paper published in the Lancet, in which Nick Black, professor of health services research at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said that although the health secretary, Andrew Lansley, claimed NHS productivity had fallen 15%, the opposite was almost certainly the case.

The constant suggestion that the NHS ‘isn’t working’ can have other impacts too. A few weeks ago here in Scotland I was in a conversation where someone said ‘with the NHS on its knees why are we letting in so many immigrants to use our services’. While resources are always at a premium in health, not least because of the way in which medicine is always developing and able to do more and we have an ageing population, the NHS is far from being ‘on its knees’ and such exaggeration by politicians does little to assist rational debate on either the NHS or immigration.


Press Release: Youth unemployment in Edinburgh up 272% in a year

With youth unemployment in Edinburgh up 272% our young people are still paying the price for this Government’s economic failure.

Commenting on today’s unemployment statistics, Edinburgh East MP and Work and Pensions Select Committee member Sheila Gilmore said:

Young people in Edinburgh are still paying the price for this Government’s economic failure.

Long term youth unemployment here in Edinburgh is up 272% in the last year, but ministers are still clinging to the failing policies that have driven our economy back into recession.

Out of touch ministers need to wake up to the jobs crisis they’re responsible for and take urgent action now. They should start with Labour’s Real Jobs Guarantee and get our young people back to work.

Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary Liam Byrne said:

The headline fall in unemployment today is a welcome respite in a blizzard of bad economic news.

But today’s figures show we’ve got to redouble our efforts to get Britain back to work. 90 per cent of the fall in unemployment was in London, long term youth unemployment is still going through the roof and part-time work has hit an all time high as people struggle to find a full time job.

Crucially, there are now huge-warnings signs on the road ahead. Our economy is not even in the slow lane – it’s in reverse. Britain is only one of two G20 countries in recession, and the Governor of the Bank of England says there is little more low interest rates can do.

That means the government has got to act now to put more fuel in the tank of its back to work plan starting with a tax on bankers bonuses that could create the funds to kickstart the construction sector and get over 100,000 young people back to work.


Sport, Politics and Class

In the excitement of the Olympics politics has been somewhat muted, but not non-existent. Personally before the Games started I was in the ‘neutral’ category, feeling that they were broadly a good idea but fearing that they might turn out to be an expensive disaster. Like so many others I was won over. Unlike most other major sporting events which are generally ‘single sport’, there was plenty of choice to dip in and out of.

One of the ‘political’ issues which surfaced early on was the concern about the proportion of athletes who came from private schools. Originally raised largely by those ‘on the left’ as a matter of the continuing influence of class and privilege, the issue rapidly became highjacked by the right as another stick with which to beat up State education.

The narrative favoured by David Cameron is that lower representation of athletes from state schools has nothing to do with resources or money or facilities, but all to do with attitude. The line is that state schools don’t encourage sporting competition and teachers won’t help in sports. So the answer to how to improve the situation conveniently has nothing to do with increasing resources and all to do with changing attitudes. So the Prime Minister’s prescription is to make ‘competitive team sports’ compulsory in primary schools. At the same time he deflects criticism of his abandonment of a target of a minimum of two hours PE in school by saying that in many cases schools ‘ticked this box’ with things like Indian Dancing, Zumba and circus skills.

There are a number of problems with this narrative. First in the event state school pupils did not do quite so badly as was originally suggested. As at Saturday 11th of the 105 athletes that won medals, 43 had been privately educated and 62 state educated. OK still not a reflection of the proportions in our schools (only 7% of pupils overall are privately educated) but not quite the disastrous showing for the state sector some people were suggesting.

There’s a tendency to lurch in policy (perhaps particularly in education?) from one extreme to another. As someone whose school sports were nearly all of the ‘team competitive’ variety I remember how awful that could be for those whose ‘bag’ it wasn’t. In fact what I think I perfected was being able to ‘peel off’ in the opposite direction to the bus to the sports field. (As I write this it only now occurs to me for the first time that perhaps it was so easy to get away with this because actually the PE staff turned a blind eye to the absence of those who were unwilling and poorly co-ordinated!) When my own children were introduced to a variety of sports in the early years of secondary education I thought how much better that was. It included the obvious football, rugby etc but also a variety of other options. Perhaps wholly co-incidentally all four of my children are more ‘sporty’ than either my husband or I despite both being of the ‘competitive team sports’ generation.

Now I’m sure we’ve all come up against examples of some of the ‘competition is bad’ ideas taken to extremes. But I reckon Jessica Ennis gave the clearest answer in pointing out that at the outset children had to enjoy sport first before introducing too much competition.

However resources and facilities do matter. In the last week I’ve passed by the public tennis courts at the Meadows most days, seeing them packed with players. When we started taking our older two children to play there in the early 1980s the condition of these courts was awful and learning to play properly when balls bounced erratically off the rough surface and the holes was almost impossible. The difference made when the Council resurfaced the courts was huge, and in terms of usage the courts have not looked back.

Meadows Tennis Courts

It’s the same in schools. The main sports field for Boroughmuir High School at Meggetland was in a dreadful state for years – so poorly drained that for much of the winter the pitches couldn’t be used. As for the state of the changing rooms! This wasn’t a temporary problem – there’s sixteen years between my oldest and youngest sons, one a footballer, the other rugby, and nothing changed in that time. Eventually the sports facilities were transformed at Meggetland, albeit controversially as it was part of a ‘deal’ with a developer who built flats on part of the area. It’s easy to criticise such deals – (and as part of the political commentary during these Games some people have pointed to loss of school playing fields as part of PFI deals) – but was it better to have the larger space if it was of such poor quality?

Which brings me to a final thought – we do need to have a serious public debate about whether we can achieve the ‘ends’ we want if we are not prepared to fund the ‘means’. I was struck by the results of one opinion poll last week which showed support for better sports facilities but at the same time around 57% were against increasing taxes to pay for it.

We can argue about how taxes should be levied and on whom but we can’t pretend that resources don’t matter. And that’s something which applies way beyond sport.


Festival in Edinburgh & Olympics in London

A chance meeting with two constituents today at an Edinburgh Festival venue raised a couple of interesting reflections. Sometimes it is claimed that the Festival is ‘London –on – holiday’ – and that Edinburgh people dislike it all. So it was good to see the myth exploded with two very local residents taking advantage of the shows & not for the first time this week either. Another myth was exploded too – we’ve actually had 4 days with a good deal of sun, especially welcome after the generally miserable weather this summer. Sunshine brings the Festival out into the streets and the numerous outdoor cafes all venues now seem to sprout. In the last couple of years it has seemed as if they were operating more in hope than expectation but at least we’ve had one good week this year. Though I sometimes wonder if ticket sales are better in worse weather!

We got on to talking about the Olympics and my constituents (who are staunch Labour supporters) were asking whether the Tory Government would get a boost from the event. Now I’m sure most people don’t want this turned into a political football but what emerged from our chat was that it can easily be forgotten that a successful Olympics wasn’t built in a couple of years – neither the construction of the venues nor the creation of successful athletes started in May 2010. It’s been a genuine cross party effort with the current Government and London Mayor building on the foundations laid by their predecessors.

In 1996 at Atlanta Britain did very poorly and the determination to improve began from there. And in the succeeding three Olympics the results have become clear. But maybe let’s just whisper it that after 17 years of Tory government (Atlanta 96) performance was poor. Maybe, just maybe, the Labour Government did something good? Talking about the ‘mess we were left with’ has become the mantra of the Coalition, but you don’t have to be uncritical to realise the truth is more balanced.